Brook Trout (Salvelinus Fontinalis)

Brook Trout

The Brook trout is the most beautiful of all the trout species found in Chile, and the most voracious feeder.

They are greenish brown, sometimes iridescent, with white and red spots on their backs and upper part of their heads. Their abdomen is pale pink to bright orange or red. A brook trout's color can change and is influenced by the food it eats. Colors are very vivid and pronounced during spawning.

Brook trout feed primarily on insects and terrestrials but also feed on crustaceans, frogs, amphibians, mice, voles and minnows. They strike dry flies, nymphs and streamers readily, to the delight of those fishermen who work a bit harder, trekking or horseback riding to high mountain lakes and streams where they are the predominant trout.

Brook trout require clear, cold waters rich in oxygen, with a narrow pH range (a pH of 8 is optimum) and they thrive in southern Chile's alpine lakes, outlets, and mountain streams. They are the smallest of the Salmonidae in Chile's Patagonia, and only occasionally surpass 4 pounds in lake environments. Six to eight pounds is truly a trophy brook trout in Chile or anywhere in the world.